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Where Fish Live
Habitat determines which fish species live in various bodies of water. Trout live in lakes with clear, cold and deep water. Most lakes, by comparison, have cool, moderately clear, moderately deep water, where bass, pike, walleyes or panfish may live. Warm, shallow lakes are bullhead and carp territory.
In rivers, trout live in the youngest, cleanest and coldest portions. These areas usually are nearer the source of a river, well upstream from the river mouth. Follow a river downstream, and the fish species often change from trout to bass and walleyes, and finally, to catfish and carp. Obviously, where you choose to fish determines which fish species are available.
Fish like bass and panfish also thrive in ponds, often along with catfish. Occasionally, ponds are home to trout. "Pay ponds" are popular in some areas. Fish are stocked into these ponds and anglers pay to fish.
Gulf and Atlantic Coast waters of the South offer redfish and speckled trout, along with sheepshead and sometimes sharks and other larger predators. Stripers and shad are available farther north along the Atlantic Coast. And along the West Coast, fish like sand bass and croaker predominate, along with salmon and halibut farther north.
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